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Written by Administrator   
Tuesday, 25 July 2006

1. 90 Days of Horror: The voyage of the Fatel Razack to Trinidad in 1845

2. Indian immigrant ships to Guyana

3 Indian immigrant ships to Trinidad

90 Days of Horror

By Dr Kusha Haracksingh

 When the Fatel Razack, the first ship to bring Indians immigrants to Trinidad, docked at the Port-of Spain harbour in the afternoon of May 30th, 1845, she was greeted with great with great   enthusiasm. The only regret seemed to be that the ship had not   arrived sooner, so that the crop season which was by then almost at an end could have benefited more from the immigrants' labour.

 There was the general feeling that the Indians had come to save the colony, and that this was the first trickle in a steady stream of labour that would rescue the island from depression and ruin.

As the ship entered the harbour, it is easy to imagine Indians trying to catch a glimpse of this strange country, which many of them had been deluded into believing was some thing of a paradise, only a few days journey from India.

 
MISTREATMENT

 In reality; the voyage was to last all of 90 days, in   cramped and uncomfortable surroundings.

 Five people were to die on route and many others would experience the horror of prolonged sea-sickness, the pangs of hunger and cold, and mistreatment at the hands of the ship’s officers, before their final destination.

 As is usually the case with pioneering ventures many things had yet to be straightened out, and the first immigrants would be in a sense the guinea pigs of succeeding voyages, with all the rigours that entailed.

 Appropriately enough, the first name which appeared on the ship's register is Bharat, a synonym for India. He is described as male, aged twenty.

 No other particulars are available but he was to be the first of over 140,000 Indians who would make the journey that he had just completed.

 Many years later, an artist would draw a romantic picture of the Fatal Razack, sedately floating on calm water with full sails billowing in the wind. The reality was quite different.

 The ship was built of teak and was only of 415 tons burthen, relatively small even by the standards of those days but especially so for a vessel which had to traverse two oceans.

 By the 1860s larger ships would come into service and by the 1880s iron ships of about 1,500 tons burthen.

 But for those who travelled in the Fatel Razack and her sister ships, space was at a premium. Consequently, diseases like cholera and typhoid were easily transmitted and it is no wonder that there are records of immigrants trying to throw themselves overboard when the pressures proved too much.

 The Fatal Razack sailed from Calcutta in the closing days of February 1845. By that time, the immigrants were   already confused and disoriented from their stay in the depot.

 There they encountered strange practices and were thrown   together with people of different caste and religions with whom normally they would not have mingled.

 They underwent a medical examination, but it was of a cursory nature, intended only to establish that they could wield an   agricultural implement.

If a man appeared ill the view was taken that a little   sea breeze would soon correct that. The immigrants were issued with regulation clothing, and then tagged with a metal disc hung around their necks or strapped to the arm.

 ACCOMMODATION 

 Thenceforth, they were merely indentured workers. The process of deculturalisation, or as some would argue, dehumanisation,    had begun.

 On board ship, the immigrants were in the care of an officer called the Surgeon Superintendent - in this case, a Major Fagan of the British Indian army. They were divided into groups of about 25, each controlled by a sardar or headman appointed from among them.

 There was a complement of cooks drawn from among the highest castes, and of sweepers drawn from the lowest. The crew were called lascars, an Anglo-Indian word meaning sailors.

 Single women were placed in the rear of the ship with children and married couples in the middle.

 Single men were accommodated in the forward area. All slept in the decks below which were gloomy places lit with coconut oil lamps.

 The   first stage of the journey, down the Bay of Bengal with its variable winds and into the Indian Ocean to the Cape of Good Hope lasted 41 days.

These first immigrants were not equipped   for the icy winds and bitter southern seas around the Cape. This was the roughest part of the voyage. Then the ship steered into the southern trade winds, and later, after St. Helena, caught the north-east trades to bring it to Trinidad.

 As voyages went,   this was not the worst. It could not compare, for example   with the horror of the Delharee on which 46 Indians died while sailing to Port of Spain. Or with the Fusilier bound from Guyana on which over 200 died.

 After docking in Trinidad, the ship was boarded by the Harbour Master, the Health Officer     and the newly appointed Agent General of Immigrants.

 GOONOO

 The human cargo of 225 was examined and pronounced "in good order and conditions." The majority were males from their mid-twenties to early thirties, with names like Dookie, Choudhury, Budhoo.  There was a smattering of women in the same age bracket, with names like Gauri, Etwaria, Somaria.

 The youngest passengers were a boy called Goonoo, aged 5, and a girl named Faizan, aged 4.

 These last immigrants were put to work on the estates the day after their arrival. One week later the Port of Spain Gazette claimed they were “giving much satisfaction to their employers.”

 

 IMMIGRANT SHIPS TO GUYANA

 

http://guyanafriends.com/eve/forums/a/tpc/f/18810556041/m/82410028041

 

The following is a list of ships for which the National Archives of Guyana has Emigration Passes for the Passengers.

http://www.geocities.com/yuddh1/gateportal.htm

IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT: INDIAN EMIGRANTS: CERTIFICATES

AA 1

These certificates were issued in India by the Government Emigration Agent for British Guiana. They give summary particulars of the emigrant and certify his or her physical fitness and willingness to work in British Guiana.

They are arranged and listed in date order under the name of the ship in which the emigrant was transported to British Guiana.

An index of ships precedes to list.

The following is a list of ships for which the National Archives of Guyana has Emigration Passes for the Passengers.



IMMIGRATION DEPARTMENT: INDIAN EMIGRANTS: CERTIFICATES

AA 1

These certificates were issued in India by the Government Emigration Agent for British Guiana. They give summary particulars of the emigrant and certify his or her physical fitness and willingness to work in British Guiana.

They are arranged and listed in date order under the name of the ship in which the emigrant was transported to British Guiana.

An index of ships precedes to list.

January 1995.





Ref AA1 number Name of Ship Voyage Year Note: 1 Note: 2

PAGE ONE

1 Jason 1865
2 Apelles 1865 - 1866
3 Copenhagen 1865 - 1866
4 Clarence 1865 - 1866
5 Janet Cowan 1866
6 Atalanta 1866
7 India 1866 - 1867
8 Clarence 1866 - 1867
9 Assaye 1866 - 1867
10 Canning 1866 - 1867
11 British Trident 1866 - 1867
12 Indus 1866 - 1867
13 Belvidfra 1866 - 1867
14 Tincelles 1866 - 1867 Lincelles

15 Racehorse 1866 - 1867
16 Oasis 1867
17 Orient 1867 - 1868
18 Harkaway 1867 - 1868
19 Ganges 1867 - 1868
20 Clarence 1867 - 1868
21 Trevelyan 1867 - 1868
22 Jason 1867 - 1868
23 Winchester 1868

PAGE TWO

24 Bengal 1868 - 1869
25 Walmer Castle 1868 - 1869
26 India 1868 - 1869
27 Ganges 1868 - 1869
28 Howrah 1868 - 1869
29 Himalaya 1868 - 1869
30 Trevelyan 1868 - 1869
31 Syria 1868 - 1869
32 Salamanea 1868 - 1869
33 Adamant 1868 - 1869
34 Adamant 1869
35 Shand 1869
36 St. Kilda 1869
37 Sir Robert Sale 1869
38 Michael Angels 1869
39 Arima 1869 - 1870
40 Ganges 1869 - 1870
41 Far East 1869 - 1870
42 Howrah 1869 - 1870
43 Arcot 1869 - 1870
44 S. Joaquim 1869 - 1870
45 Devonshire 1869 - 1870
46 Clive 1869 - 1870

PAGE THREE

47 Medea 1869 - 1870
48 Colombo 1869 - 1870
49 British Monarch 1869 - 1870
50 Shand 1869 - 1870
51 India 1869 - 1870
52 Ganges 1870
53 Wellesley 1870
54 Medea 1870 - 1871
55 Philosopher 1870 - 1871
56 Clive 1870 - 1871
57 Adamant 1871
58 Trevelyan 1871- 1872
59 Neva 1871- 1872
60 Adamant 1871- 1872
61 Poonah 1871- 1872
62 Medea 1871- 1872
63 St. Kilda 1871- 1872
64 Golden Fleece 1872
65 Gainsborough 1872
66 Neva 1872
67 Enmore 1872
68 Sankar 1872 Soukar

69 Kate Kellock 1872 - 1873

PAGE FOUR

70 Syria 1872 - 1873
71 Trevelyan 1872 - 1873
72 North 1872 - 1873
73A Gainsborough 1873
73A Ganges 1873
74 Rohilla 1873
75 Poonah 1873
76 SS Enmore 1873 - 1874
77 Clyde 1873 - 1874
78 Hereford 1873 - 1874
79 Sir Henry Rawrence 1873 - 1874 Sir Henry Lawrence

80 Pandora 1873 - 1874
81 Buckinghamshire 1873 - 1874
82 Aisla 1873 - 1874
83 Surrey 1873 - 1874
84 Mofussilite 1873 - 1874
85 Hyderbad 1873 - 1874
86 Neva 1873 - 1874
87 Sussex 1873 - 1874
88 Golden Fleece 1873 - 1874
89 Dinapore 1873 - 1874
90 India 1873 - 1874
91 Rohilla 1873 - 1874

PAGE FIVE

92 Atalanta 1874 - 1875
93 Clarence 1874 - 1875
94 Ailsa 1874 - 1875
95 Forfarshire 1874 - 1875
96 Rohilla 1874 - 1875
97 Artist 1874 - 1875
98 Dacca 1874 - 1875
99 Syria 1874 - 1875
100 Berkshire 1874 - 1875
101 Atalanta 1874 - 1875
102 Syria 1874 - 1875
103 Rohilla 1875 - 1876
104 King Arthur 1875 - 1876
105 Ailsa 1875 - 1876
106 Tinguist 1875 - 1876 Linguist

107 Botanist 1875 - 1876
108 Pandora 1875 - 1876
109 Rohilla 1876 - 1877
110 Artist 1876 - 1877
111 Neva 1876 - 1877
112 King Arthur 1876 - 1877
113 Tinguist 1876 - 1877 Linguist


PAGE SIX

114 Ailsa 1876 -1877
115 Jura 1876 -1877
116 Jura 1877 - 1878
117 Hesperides 1877 - 1878
118 Pandora 1877 - 1878
119 Boyne 1877 - 1878
120 Ailsa 1877 - 1878
121 King Arthur 1877 - 1878
122 Howrah 1877 - 1878
123 Naturalist 1877 - 1878
124 Sheila 1877 - 1878
125 Neva 1877 - 1878
126 Senator 1877 - 1878
127 Artist 1877 - 1878
128 Ballochmyle 1877 - 1878
129 Sussex 1877 - 1878
130 Philosopher 1877 - 1878
131 Pandora 1877 - 1878
132 Rohilla 1878 - 1879
133 Lightning 1878 - 1879
134 Silhet 1878 - 1879
135 Suffolk 1878 - 1879
136 Tassa 1878 - 1879

PAGE SEVEN

137 Howrah 1878 - 1879
138 Malabar 1878 - 1879
139 Newcastle 1878 - 1879
140 Poonah 1878 - 1879
141 Berar 1878 - 1879
142 Ellora 1878 - 1879
143 Plassey 1878 - 1879
144 North 1878 - 1879
145 Berar 1878 - 1879
146 Newcastle 1879 - 1880
147 Tassa 1879 - 1880
148 Howrah 1879 - 1880
149 Malabar 1879 - 1880
150 North 1879 - 1880
151 Plassey 1879 - 1880
152 Poonah 1879 - 1880
153 Ellora 1879 - 1880
154 Rohilla 1880 - 1881
155 Poonah 1880 - 1881
156 Plassey 1880 - 1881
157 Ellora 1880 - 1881
158 Berar 1880 - 1881

PAGE EIGHT

159 Lightning 1880 - 1881
160 Newcastle 1880 - 1881
161 Bengollyun 1880 - 1881
162 North 1880 - 1881
163 Ellora 1881 - 1882
164 Newcastle 1881 - 1882
165 Howrah 1881 - 1882
166 Plassey 1881 - 1882
167 North 1881 - 1882
168 Bayard 1881 - 1882
169 Berar 1882 - 1883
170 Plassey 1882 - 1883
171 Rohilla 1882 - 1883
172 Silhet 1882 - 1883
173 North 1882 - 1883
174 Ellora 1882 - 1883
175 Ganges 1883 - 1884
176 Bann 1883 - 1884
177 Foyle 1883 - 1884
178 British Peer 1883 - 1884
179 Bruce 1883 - 1884
180 Foyle 1884 - 1885

PAGE NINE

181 John Davie 1884 -1885
182 Newnham 1884 -1885
183 Bruce 1884 -1885
184 Jorawur 1884 -1885
185 Bann 1884 -1885
186 Boyne 1884 -1885
187 British Peer 1884 -1885
188 Grecian 1884 -1885
189 Allanshaw 1884 -1885
190 Foyle 1885 -1886
191 Jorawur 1885 -1886
192 Allanshaw 1885 -1886
193 Hereford 1885 -1886
194 Ganges 1885 -1886
195 Shannon 1885 -1886
196 Main 1885 -1886
197 Bayard 1885 -1886
198 Bann 1885 -1886
199 Hereford 1886 - 1887
200 Allanshaw 1886 - 1887
201 British Peer 1886 - 1887
202 Main 1886 - 1887

PAGE TEN

203 Foyle 1886 - 1887
204 Bruce 1886 - 1887
205 Avoca 1886 - 1887
206 Bruce 1887 - 1888
207 Allanshaw 1887 - 1888
208 Ganges 1887 - 1888
209 Rhine 1887 - 1888
210 Foyle 1887 - 1888
211 Allanshaw 1888 - 1889
212 Foyle 1888 - 1889
213 Main 1888 - 1889
214 Sheila 1888 - 1889
215 Volga 1888 - 1889
216 Brenda 1889 - 1890
217 Sheila 1889 - 1890
218 Foyle 1889 - 1890
219 The Bruce 1889 - 1890
220 Allanshaw 1889 - 1890
221 Rhine 1889 - 1890
222 Brenda 1889 - 1890
223 Brenda 1890
224 Avoca 1890 - 1891
225 Sheila 1890 - 1891

PAGE ELEVEN

226 Bann 1890 - 1891
227 Elbe 1890 - 1891
228 Rhone 1890 - 1891
229 Main 1890 - 1891
230 Jura 1890 - 1891
231 Foyle 1890 - 1891
232 Grecian 1891 - 1892
233 Sheila 1891 - 1892
234 Jura 1891 - 1892
235 Elbe 1891 - 1892
236 Ganges 1891 - 1892
237 Bann 1891 - 1892
238 Brenda 1891 - 1892
239 Allanshaw 1891 - 1892
240 Foyle 1891 - 1892
241 Grecian 1892 - 1893
242 Main 1892 - 1893
243 Volga 1892 - 1893
244 Jura 1892 - 1893
245 Brenda 1892 - 1893
246 Elbe 1892 - 1893
247 Avon 1892 - 1893
248 Sheila 1892 - 1893

PAGE TWELVE

249 Sheila 1893 - 1894
250 Avon 1893 - 1894
251 Elbe 1893 - 1894
252 Brenda 1893 - 1894
253 Jura 1893 - 1894
254 Ganges 1893 - 1894
255 Main 1893 - 1894
256 Avoca 1893 - 1894
257 Bann 1893 - 1894
258 Lena 1893 - 1894
259 Lena 1894 - 1895
260 Brenda 1894 - 1895
261 Grecian 1894 - 1895
262 Avoca 1894 - 1895
263 Bann 1894 - 1895
264 Mercey 1894 - 1895
265 Jura 1894 - 1895
266 Rhine 1894 - 1895
267 Avon 1894 - 1895
268 Sheila 1894 - 1895
269 Elbe 1894 - 1895
270 Jura 1895 - 1896
271 Lena 1895 -1896

PAGE THIRTEEN

272 Ems 1895 -1896
273 Lena 1896 - 1897
274 Brenda 1896 - 1897
275 Ems 1896 - 1897
276 Lena 1896 -1897
277 Sheila 1896 -1897
278 Jura 1897 - 1898
279 Mercey 1898
280 Brenda 1898
281 Jura 1898 - 1899
282 Lena 1899 - 1900
283 Avon 1899 - 1900
284 Erne 1899 - 1900
285 Forth 1899 - 1900
286 Mercey 1899 - 1900
287 Moy 1899 - 1900
288 Clyde 1899 - 1900
289 Forth 1899 - 1900
290 Ems 1900
291 Main 1900
292 Lena 1900 - 1901
293 Forth 1900 - 1901
294 Mercey 1900 - 1901

PAGE FOURTEEN

295 Elbe 1900 - 1901
296 Forth 1901 - 1902
297 Ems 1901 - 1902
298 SS Fazilka 1901 - 1902
299 Rhone 1901 - 1902
300 Main 1901 - 1902
301 Warda 1901 - 1902
302A Arno 1902 - 1903
302B Moy 1902 - 1903
303 Forth 1902 - 1903
304 Moy 1903 - 1904
305 Elbe 1903 - 1904
306 Mercey 1903 - 1904
307 Erne 1903 - 1904
308 Clyde 1903 - 1904
309 Mercey 1903 - 1904
310 Moy 1904 - 1905
311 Lena 1904 - 1905
312 Clyde 1904 - 1905
313 Elbe 1905 -1906
314 Forth 1905 -1906
315 Arno 1905 -1906
316 Rhone 1905 -1906
317 Clyde 1905 -1906

PAGE FIFTEEN

318 Ganges 1906 -1907
319 Erne 1906 -1907
320 Forth 1906 -1907
321 Mercey 1906 -1907
322 Ems 1907 -1908
323 Mercey 1907 -1908
324 SS Ganges 1907 -1908
325 Mutlah 1908 - 1909
326 Ganges 1908 - 1909
327 Sutlej 1908 - 1909
328 Ems 1908 - 1909
329 Sutlej 1909
330 Ganges 1909 - 1910
331 SS Indus 1909 - 1910
332 Sutlej 1910 - 1911
333 Sutlej 1910 - 1911 2nd Voyage
334A Indus 1910 - 1911
334B SS Ganges 1911
335 SS Chenab 1911 - 1912
336 SS Chenab 1911 - 1912 2nd Voyage
337 SS Indus 1911 - 1912
338 SS Indus 1911 - 1912 2nd Voyage
339 SS Indus 1911 - 1912 3rd Voyage
340 SS Sutlej 1911 - 1912

PAGE SIXTEEN

341 SS Sutlej 1912 -1913
342 SS Sutlej 1912 -1913
343 Chenab 1912 -1913
344 Mutlah 1912 -1913
345 Indus 1913
346 Indus 1913 Second Voyage Records Missing
347 SS Mutlah 1913 - 1914
348 Dewa 1913 - 1914
349 Dewa 1915
350 Sutlej 1914 - 1915
351 SS Chenab 1914 - 1915
352 SS Chenab 1915 - 1916
353 SS Dewa 1915 - 1916
354 Ganges 1915 - 1916
355 Sutlej 1915 - 1916
356 Mutlah 1916 - 1917
357 Chenab 1916 - 1917
358 Ganges 1916 - 1917

Source: National Archives of Guyana. November 2004.

Special thanks to Archivists Mrs. Pamela Tyrrell and Mrs. June Dubissette; and researcher Mr. John O'Connor.

 

Indian Immigrant Ship List to Trinidad

The tables below are a listing of ships known to have carried Indian immigrants to Trinidad. This list was compiled by Richard Cheddie, who graciously consented to their reproduction here. A more complete list that includes ships to other colonies can be accessed by joining his Indo-West Indian Discussion Group called Batchaman.

I have divided these lists by time period to make reviewing them simpler.

 

1845 - 1849

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Fatel Rozack

Friday, May 30, 1845

225?

3

 

Duchess of Argyle

Thursday, February 12, 1846

267

3

 

Bangalore

Tuesday, February 24, 1846

320

4

 

Duke of Bedford

Tuesday, March 24, 1846

296

2

 

Medusa

Friday, April 3, 1846

182

2

 

William Abrams

Saturday, April 11, 1846

347

6

 

London

Saturday, May 2, 1846

294

0

 

Cadet

Monday, June 15, 1846

199

1

 

Lord William Bentick

Monday, June 15, 1846

229

4

 

City of Poonah

Tuesday, December 1, 1846

278

8

 

Duke of Portland

Saturday, January 2, 1847

291

11

 

John Line

Tuesday, January 19, 1847

332

8

 

Lochlomond

Tuesday, January 26, 1847

227

2

 

Duke of Bedford

Saturday, May 8, 1847

294

2

 

Emma

Saturday, May 29, 1847

134

0

 

Cornwall

Wednesday, June 16, 1847

372

13

 

Bangalore

Thursday, June 17, 1847

300

1

 

Poictiers

Sunday, December 26, 1847

322

6

 

Duke of Bedford

Thursday, April 6, 1848

298

0

 

Agincourt

Monday, April 17, 1848

328

2

 

 

1850 - 1859

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Eliza Stewart

Wednesday, April 23, 1851

176

1

 

True Briton

Tuesday, February 3, 1852

289

6

 

Hyderbad

Thursday, February 12, 1852

293

27

 

Equestrian

Wednesday, March 17, 1852

290

11

 

Eliza Stewart

Friday, April 30, 1852

183

3

 

Mary Shepherd

Saturday, June 5, 1852

267

4

 

Benares

Tuesday, January 25, 1853

244

7

 

William Jardine

Saturday, February 12, 1853

279

7

 

Harkaway

Sunday, February 13, 1853

341

7

 

Maidstone

Monday, March 14, 1853

344

14

 

Medea

Monday, March 14, 1853

3

 

 

Eliza Stewart

Friday, May 13, 1853

214

6

 

Mallard

Friday, May 13, 1853

259

11

 

Bank of England

Saturday, May 21, 1853

299

8

 

True Briton

Thursday, March 23, 1854

318

13

 

Sussex

Thursday, April 27, 1854

352

17

 

Windsor

Wednesday, March 14, 1855

282

15

 

Scindian

Sunday, March 16, 1856

255

23

 

Agincourt

Saturday, April 26, 1856

353

37

 

Agincourt

Saturday, April 26, 1856

1

 

 

Adelaide

Wednesday, March 18, 1857

275

18

 

Eveline

Monday, March 23, 1857

302

61

 

Sir George Seymour

Wednesday, April 1, 1857

314

25

 

Granville

Monday, June 8, 1857

260

33

 

Scindian

Thursday, July 2, 1857

223

49

 

Wellesley

Thursday, January 28, 1858

374

18

 

Ellenborough

Saturday, April 10, 1858

368

19

 

Saladin

Wednesday, June 2, 1858

324

44

 

Salsette

Friday, July 2, 1858

197

106

Highest mortality rate on board an indentured ship other than shipwreck

Roman Emperor

Friday, December 3, 1858

379

3

 

Edith Moore

Monday, December 6, 1858

375

26

 

Akbar

Monday, January 3, 1859

310

36

 

Themis

Wednesday, January 12, 1859

363

13

 

Hope

Saturday, January 22, 1859

383

3

 

Palmerton

Saturday, January 22, 1859

394

4

 

Marmion

Tuesday, January 25, 1859

306

65

 

Dudbrook

Thursday, March 17, 1859

243

54

 

Cleveland

Saturday, March 19, 1859

270

12

 

John Duncan

Thursday, April 7, 1859

347

40

 

Clara

Monday, December 5, 1859

376

11

 

Labrador

Saturday, December 17, 1859

303

42

 

 

1860 - 1869

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

The Bruce

Friday, January 6, 1860

405

3

 

Conway

Sunday, January 29, 1860

382

30

 

Tyburnia

Monday, March 5, 1860

302

24

 

Chatham

Sunday, April 15, 1860

250

3

 

Thomas Lowry

Thursday, May 10, 1860

266

9

 

Appleton

Tuesday, June 5, 1860

377

60

 

Hunter

Friday, June 15, 1860

185

 

 

Clarence

Monday, January 21, 1861

351

23

 

David Malcolm

Monday, January 21, 1861

235

5

 

Sydenham

Wednesday, March 6, 1861

352

12

 

Castle Howard

Friday, March 29, 1861

356

11

 

Adelaide

Tuesday, May 7, 1861

257

53

 

Brechin Castle

Monday, May 13, 1861

274

23

 

Nourmahal

Saturday, June 29, 1861

351

20

 

Tyburnia

Monday, December 9, 1861

365

37

 

Daniel Rankin

Wednesday, January 8, 1862

389

18

 

Alnwick Castle

Friday, January 10, 1862

476

5

 

Clarence

Friday, March 7, 1862

454

0

 

Colgrain

Thursday, April 17, 1862

276

5

 

Alnwick Castle

Thursday, January 22, 1863

442

0

 

Assaye

Monday, March 9, 1863

283

11

 

Athleta

Saturday, April 18, 1863

344

4

 

Brechin Castle

Friday, June 12, 1863

283

3

 

Golden City

Wednesday, December 16, 1863

441

18

 

Spitfire

Sunday, April 17, 1864

492

25

 

Alnwick Castle

Monday, May 2, 1864

455

3

 

Sydenham

Tuesday, February 7, 1865

418

9

 

Atalanta

Friday, March 10, 1865

470

20

 

New Castle

Saturday, April 29, 1865

482

15

 

Carleton

Wednesday, November 22, 1865

444

54

 

Empress

Friday, December 22, 1865

490

24

 

Koomar

Monday, December 25, 1865

407

85

 

Humber

Wednesday, December 26, 1866

473

25

 

Roxburgh Castle

Wednesday, January 2, 1867

393

35

 

Salisbury

Saturday, February 2, 1867

420

26

 

Alnwick Castle

Monday, March 4, 1867

461

17

 

Sevilla

Tuesday, March 5, 1867

304

10

 

Hornet

Saturday, March 30, 1867

428

2

 

Hougomont

Thursday, April 25, 1867

392

7

 

Liverpool

Monday, December 23, 1867

519

21

 

Ellenborough

Thursday, December 26, 1867

349

14

 

Sevilla

Saturday, March 7, 1868

296

5

 

Ancilla

Sunday, May 3, 1868

328

2

 

Albert Victor

Wednesday, June 24, 1868

314

13

 

Malabar

Monday, December 28, 1868

427

11

 

Poonah

Monday, February 22, 1869

387

5

 

Arima

Tuesday, March 30, 1869

304

9

 

Sevilla

Wednesday, April 7, 1869

309

5

 

Ancilla

Monday, May 3, 1869

324

2

 

Flying Foam

Monday, July 19, 1869

447

32

 

Beaumaris Castle

Wednesday, November 3, 1869

491

13

 

Varuna

Monday, December 20, 1869

454

17

 

Wiltshire

Monday, December 20, 1869

610

11

 

 

1870 - 1879

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Atalanta

Thursday, February 24, 1870

396

6

 

Cochin

Thursday, April 7, 1870

480

2

 

Java

Wednesday, May 4, 1870

480

2

 

Wiltshire

Saturday, November 26, 1870

542

22

 

Brechin Castle

Saturday, February 11, 1871

428

6

 

Hougomont

Wednesday, February 15, 1871

332

8

 

Indus

Thursday, March 23, 1871

372

4

 

Atalanta

Sunday, April 23, 1871

376

5

 

Syria

Tuesday, January 2, 1872

420

3

 

SS Ganges

Tuesday, April 9, 1872

408

6

 

Atalanta

Saturday, May 18, 1872

400

5

 

Woodburn

Saturday, May 18, 1872

563

16

 

Wiltshire

Sunday, November 24, 1872

556

19

 

Dilharrie

Wednesday, December 18, 1872

478

44

 

Rajah of Cochin

Monday, December 23, 1872

401

13

 

John Allen

Wednesday, January 8, 1873

322

3

 

Colmonell

Tuesday, January 28, 1873

462

17

 

Howrah

Monday, March 3, 1873

449

13

 

Atalanta

Wednesday, June 4, 1873

392

2

 

Syria

Monday, November 24, 1873

412

23

 

Winchester

Monday, December 29, 1873

412

27

 

Brockham

Monday, February 2, 1874

406

16

 

Jumna

Tuesday, February 10, 1874

430

17

Jumna

SS Ganges

Monday, May 11, 1874

383

5

 

Golden Fleece

Thursday, October 29, 1874

494

25

 

British Empire

Thursday, February 25, 1875

603

33

 

Essex

Wednesday, March 10, 1875

512

0

 

Brechin Castle

Friday, March 19, 1875

448

1

 

St. James

Sunday, April 11, 1875

423

1

 

Foyle

Friday, November 12, 1875

613

1

 

Jorawur

Saturday, December 25, 1875

667

5

 

SS Ganges

Thursday, February 10, 1876

379

3

 

Foyle

Friday, November 3, 1876

531

11

 

Jorawur

Tuesday, November 28, 1876

606

17

 

Syria

Sunday, January 28, 1877

447

3

 

Jorawur

Tuesday, November 13, 1877

632

30

 

Lightning

Saturday, February 2, 1878

517

7

 

Syria

Saturday, February 2, 1878

474

11

 

SS Ganges

Tuesday, February 5, 1878

477

14

 

Sheila

Sunday, November 3, 1878

531

19

 

Brenda

Saturday, November 16, 1878

543

4

 

Jura

Friday, December 20, 1878

523

6

 

Ailsa

Saturday, December 21, 1878

488

1

 

Artist

Saturday, January 25, 1879

515

9

 

Sheila

Friday, November 7, 1879

521

3

 

Brenda

Friday, November 21, 1879

539

2

 

Jura

Monday, December 22, 1879

528

9

 

 

1880 - 1889

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Bann

Wednesday, January 28, 1880

600

14

 

Jumna

Saturday, February 28, 1880

435

3

 

Foyle

Thursday, April 1, 1880

513

4

 

Jura

Wednesday, November 10, 1880

535

5

 

British Nation

Saturday, November 27, 1880

499

4

 

Sheila

Wednesday, December 8, 1880

523

11

 

Neva

Tuesday, February 8, 1881

471

8

 

Bann

Sunday, March 6, 1881

262

9

 

Foyle

Thursday, May 5, 1881

578

19

 

Jumna

Friday, June 3, 1881

391

34

 

Earl Granville

Wednesday, November 23, 1881

400

7

 

Sheila

Saturday, November 26, 1881

537

8

 

Lee

Sunday, January 8, 1882

566

21

 

Neva

Sunday, February 5, 1882

476

8

 

Bann

Wednesday, March 22, 1882

585

2

 

Scottish Admiral

Wednesday, November 8, 1882

424

6

 

Hesperides

Saturday, December 30, 1882

548

10

 

Southesk

Thursday, January 25, 1883

450

9

 

Boyne

Saturday, March 31, 1883

517

8

 

Brenda

Wednesday, November 7, 1883

526

5

 

Jura

Tuesday, December 25, 1883

556

4

 

Sheila

Sunday, February 10, 1884

521

6

 

Grecian

Friday, April 11, 1884

541

8

 

Neva

Monday, May 12, 1884

503

4

 

Brenda

Wednesday, October 22, 1884

557

14

 

British Statesman

Tuesday, November 25, 1884

476

22

 

Jura

Friday, December 12, 1884

538

3

 

Nerbudda

Tuesday, January 6, 1885

585

16

 

Brenda

Monday, October 26, 1885

539

2

 

Sheila

Wednesday, December 2, 1885

560

5

 

Jura

Wednesday, January 13, 1886

558

4

 

Brenda

Thursday, October 21, 1886

529

5

 

Sheila

Thursday, November 25, 1886

535

9

 

Jura

Sunday, December 12, 1886

542

9

 

Bann

Thursday, February 24, 1887

582

53

 

British Nation

Tuesday, October 25, 1887

496

4

 

Brenda

Wednesday, November 16, 1887

526

3

 

Sheila

Saturday, December 10, 1887

543

11

 

Jura

Sunday, January 29, 1888

558

9

 

Rhine

Tuesday, October 2, 1888

677

5

 

Hereford

Wednesday, October 31, 1888

601

13

 

Jumna

Thursday, January 10, 1889

456

6

 

Jura

Thursday, January 10, 1889

530

4

 

Grecian

Tuesday, October 1, 1889

540

21

 

Volga

Monday, October 21, 1889

556

18

 

Avoca

Tuesday, October 22, 1889

619

20

 

Jura

Tuesday, December 17, 1889

523

13

 

 

1890 - 1899

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Hereford

Wednesday, February 5, 1890

598

6

 

Grecian

Thursday, October 16, 1890

544

2

 

Bruce

Monday, November 17, 1890

507

2

 

SS Ganges

Tuesday, November 25, 1890

568

7

 

Allan Shaw

Saturday, December 13, 1890

658

4

 

British Peer

Tuesday, February 3, 1891

606

26

 

Avon

Sunday, March 1, 1891

558

2

 

Rhone

Friday, October 9, 1891

677

16

 

Main

Saturday, October 31, 1891

631

24

 

Avon

Saturday, November 14, 1891

621

27

 

Rhine

Sunday, December 13, 1891

657

18

 

Danube

Friday, January 1, 1892

609

29

 

Allan Shaw

Wednesday, October 12, 1892

636

5

 

Rhone

Sunday, October 23, 1892

666

4

 

Rhine

Sunday, November 13, 1892

664

11

 

Avoca

Sunday, December 4, 1892

659

0

 

Rhine

Monday, October 23, 1893

647

9

 

Rhone

Saturday, October 28, 1893

653

4

 

Moy

Monday, December 11, 1893

627

0

 

Rhone

Thursday, October 4, 1894

662

8

 

Main

Thursday, November 1, 1894

643

21

 

Moy

Monday, December 3, 1894

636

25

 

Hereford

Thursday, December 27, 1894

565

37

 

Foyle

Thursday, January 24, 1895

592

21

 

Rhone

Wednesday, October 16, 1895

690

109

 

Main

Friday, November 1, 1895

651

3

 

Rhine

Friday, November 1, 1895

680

10

 

Avon

Sunday, November 17, 1895

151

2

 

Grecian

Tuesday, October 13, 1896

540

8

 

Main

Wednesday, November 4, 1896

650

0

 

Erne

Thursday, November 12, 1896

633

7

 

Avon

Saturday, December 12, 1896

601

12

 

Rhine

Sunday, December 13, 1896

600

14

 

Mersey

Wednesday, October 20, 1897

668

11

 

Emms

Saturday, October 23, 1897

631

21

 

Elbe

Friday, November 12, 1897

545

5

 

Emms

Friday, November 4, 1898

624

0

 

Rhone

Thursday, November 10, 1898

652

3

 

Bann

Friday, October 27, 1899

553

2

 

Emms

Wednesday, November 29, 1899

619

9

 

 

1900 - 1909

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Main

Sunday, January 21, 1900

627

4

 

Moy

Wednesday, January 16, 1901

611

3

 

Avon

Saturday, February 16, 1901

598

6

 

Arno

Friday, March 15, 1901

656

9

 

Foyle

Wednesday, April 3, 1901

564

8

 

Virawa

Thursday, October 17, 1901

734

9

 

Elbe

Tuesday, December 17, 1901

613

3

 

Erne

Wednesday, January 1, 1902

0

0

 

Clyde

Sunday, February 16, 1902

574

4

 

Rhine

Thursday, November 27, 1902

587

2

 

Avon

Monday, January 12, 1903

591

2

 

Emms

Saturday, January 17, 1903

614

5

 

Bann

Thursday, March 12, 1903

537

7

 

Forth

Wednesday, November 4, 1903

656

4

 

Main

Wednesday, December 2, 1903

602

2

 

Avon

Friday, December 25, 1903

576

2

 

Rhine

Thursday, February 18, 1904

621

2

 

Indus

Sunday, November 13, 1904

634

2

 

Avon

Thursday, February 23, 1905

603

9

 

Rhine

Tuesday, May 9, 1905

612

4

 

Lena

Sunday, January 14, 1906

678

9

 

Indus

Monday, January 15, 1906

694

4

 

Mersey

Thursday, February 8, 1906

666

5

 

Avon

Thursday, February 22, 1906

609

1

 

Rhine

Friday, March 9, 1906

512

2

 

Elbe

Friday, October 19, 1906

597

0

 

SS Ganges

Thursday, October 25, 1906

479

15

 

Arno

Saturday, November 24, 1906

627

15

 

Indus

Thursday, December 13, 1906

740

17

 

Mutlah

Wednesday, September 4, 1907

844

11

 

SS Ganges

Thursday, October 10, 1907

344

6

 

Forth

Monday, October 14, 1907

673

14

 

SS Ganges

Monday, July 20, 1908

642

5

 

Indus

Wednesday, August 12, 1908

815

8

 

Mutlah

Friday, September 4, 1908

415

7

 

Sutlej

Thursday, October 1, 1908

547

4

 

SS Ganges

Wednesday, June 16, 1909

819

4

 

Indus

Tuesday, July 27, 1909

812

5

 

Mutlah

Sunday, August 29, 1909

832

8

 

 

1910 - 1917

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Mutlah

Friday, October 7, 1910

770

13

 

SS Ganges

Thursday, November 24, 1910

842

5

 

Mutlah

Wednesday, January 25, 1911

842

9

 

SS Ganges

Saturday, March 25, 1911

776

3

 

Indus

Sunday, October 8, 1911

402

1

 

Chenab

Tuesday, November 7, 1911

451

3

 

SS Ganges

Saturday, December 9, 1911

428

3

 

Mutlah

Thursday, December 28, 1911

705

2

 

Sutlej

Sunday, January 14, 1912

432

3

 

Indus

Tuesday, February 13, 1912

352

2

 

Chenab

Thursday, March 7, 1912

350

5

 

Indus

Thursday, September 12, 1912

404

2

 

Mutlah

Monday, October 14, 1912

445

1

 

Chenab

Friday, November 8, 1912

410

5

 

Sutlej

Wednesday, December 11, 1912

372

5

 

Indus

Wednesday, January 8, 1913

326

2

 

Mutlah

Wednesday, February 5, 1913

317

2

 

Chenab

Thursday, March 13, 1913

96

0

 

SS Dewa

Friday, September 12, 1913

508

1

 

Sutlej

Thursday, October 23, 1913

423

1

 

Mutlah

Wednesday, November 26, 1913

209

0

 

Chenab

Saturday, September 12, 1914

179

0

 

Sutlej

Tuesday, October 13, 1914

244

1

 

SS Dewa

Friday, October 15, 1915

298

0

 

SS Ganges

Thursday, November 11, 1915

325

1

 

Chenab

Monday, February 14, 1916

737

1

 

Sutlej

Wednesday, March 29, 1916

341

2

 

SS Ganges

Tuesday, April 18, 1916

200

4

 

Chenab

Sunday, December 10, 1916

627

2

 

Mutlah

Saturday, January 20, 1917

279

0

 

SS Ganges

Sunday, April 22, 1917

421

7

 

 

Unknown Dates

TOP

 

Ship Name

Arrival

Indians

Died

Note

Shah Jehan

 

 

 

 

 

 

The Rhine , was a 1,691 ton, iron sailing ship with a length of 257.2 feet, breadth of 38.3 feet and depth of 23.1 feet. She was built by Russel & Company, Port Glasgow for the Nourse Line, named after the River Rhine which starts in Switzerland and flows via Germany and the Netherlands to the North Sea, and launched in 10 December 1885. She was primarily used for the transportation of Indian indentured labourers to the colonies. Details of some of these voyages are as follows:

Destination

Date of Arrival

Number of Passengers

Deaths During Voyage

Trinidad

2 October 1888

677

5

Suriname

17 November 1890

n/a

n/a

Trinidad

13 December 1891

657

18

Trinidad

13 November 1892

664

11

Trinidad

23 October 1893

647

9

Trinidad

1 November 1895

680

10

Trinidad

13 December 1896

600

14

Fiji

30 August 1900

491

n/a

Trinidad

27 November 1902

587

2

Trinidad

18 February 1904

621

2

Trinidad

9 May 1905

612

4

Trinidad

9 March 1906

512

2

The Rhine was sold by the Nourse Line in 1907 and passed through a number of owners. It was initially sold to R.C. Williams of New Brunswick, Canada, then in 1909 it was sold to W.H. Chandler, who operated the ship as Rhine Shipping Company, Montreal, Canada. In 1911 the Rhine Shipping Company was sold to G.I. Dewar of Montreal, Canada, then in 1915 it was sold to new owners in Boston, then was sold once more to W. McKissock of Boston and finally in 1923 was sold to E.P. Reiss of Boston for use as a barge.

 

 

                        

Last Updated ( Friday, 06 February 2009 )
 
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